Published: Sat, December 08, 2018
Medical | By Johnnie Horton

Patient coughs up blood clot shaped like lung

Patient coughs up blood clot shaped like lung

"His medical history included heart failure with an ejection fraction of 20 percent, bioprosthetic aortic-valve replacement for bicuspid aortic stenosis, endovascular stenting of an aortic aneurysm, and placement of a permanent pacemaker for complete heart block", the NEJM report says.

His condition was so severe that doctors put him on a machine called a ventricular assist device, which helps the heart pump blood.

"The right bronchial tree consists of three segmental branches in the upper lobe, two segmental branches in the middle lobe, and five segmental branches in the lower lobe", the journal's authors wrote, "The patient's trachea was subsequently intubated, and flexible bronchoscopy revealed a small amount of blood in the basilar branches of the right lower lobe". "So with all these patients, you have to give them anticoagulants to make the blood thinner and prevent clots from forming".

Along with blood and mucus, he brought up a his left bronchial tree - a series of tubes that distribute air to his lungs.

Dr Wieselthaler carefully spread out the coughed-up clot, realising it was the flawless shape.

"We were astonished", Wieselthaler said.

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"It's a curiosity you can't imagine".

Fibrinogen is a type of protein in the blood that works to glue platelets together.

Even though the man had no further episodes of coughing up blood, he unfortunately died a week later from complications of heart failure.

An unnamed 36-year-old male patient who had been admitted to ICU for aggressive end-stage heart failure spontaneously coughed up the medical marvel, according to Georg Wieselthaler, a transplant and pulmonary surgeon at the University of California at San Francisco who spoke to The Atlantic.

The 36-year-old patient was in intensive care.

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