Published: Thu, September 13, 2018
Medical | By Johnnie Horton

18 million new cancer cases this year

18 million new cancer cases this year

According to IARC, a specialised cancer agency of the World Health Organisation, the disease is a growing global health threat. It also expected the cancer burden to rise to 18.1 million new cases. The researchers have opined that although there has been an improvement in the way the cancer-related data are collected, it is evident that deaths owing to the condition have risen over the years. Of this, 587,249 were women diagnosed with cancer.

Although a leader in terms of new cases (2.1 million incidence, on par with lung cancer), female breast cancer comes in fifth in mortality because the prognosis is relatively favourable, particularly in developed countries.

Effective prevention efforts may explain the observed decrease in incidence rates for some cancers, such as lung cancer and cervical cancer.

IARC said the rising cancer burden - characterised as the number of new cases, the prevalence, and the number of deaths - was due to several factors, including social and economic development and growing and ageing populations.

But it added that most countries still face an overall rise in the number of cancer cases diagnosed and needing treatment.

"Extraordinary diversity" Overall, the report estimates, almost half of all cases and most cancer deaths in the world this year will occur in Asia, partly because of the large numbers of people living in the continent and partly because some cancers with higher death rates are more common in this region.

An increased focus on prevention - encouraging people to get exercise, quit smoking, and eating a healthy diet - led to a drop in certain types of cancer in some population groups, the IARC said.

White House Buckles in For Hurricane Florence
Usually storms come to the Carolinas and mid-Atlantic from the south - and those usually curve safely out to sea. The governor wants to avoid a repeat of Hurricane Matthew two years ago, which killed 26 North Carolinians.

The Americas have 13.3 per cent of the global population and account for 21 per cent of cancer cases and 14.4 per cent of cancer deaths.

Furthermore, it underscored that in contrast to other regions, the proportions of cancer deaths in Asia and Africa are higher than the proportions of incident cases.

One of the leading causes of cancer in women is lung cancer.

It " s also the leading cause of cancer death in women in 28 countries, with the highest incidence rates in women seen in North America, Northern and Western Europe, China, and Australia and New Zealand.

The findings suggest that many countries have much more to do to prevent smoking-related cancers, although a significant number have adopted measures to reduce smoking and exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) provides regular snapshots of the scale of cancer around the world, looking closely at 36 different cancers in 185 countries.

The global agency estimates based on data from 185 countries that one in five men and one in six women will develop cancer during their lifetimes.

Like this: