Published: Sun, August 19, 2018
Medical | By Johnnie Horton

More than 100 measles cases reported this year in 21 states — CDC

More than 100 measles cases reported this year in 21 states — CDC

Last year, 118 cases were reported nationwide, including an outbreak involving 65 patients in Minnesota.

The majority of people that contract the disease are not vaccinated.

Measles is a virus that is easily spread by air droplets when infected persons breathe, cough, or sneeze.

There are no outbreaks reported in Florida, but two residents and one visitor were confirmed to have measles after global trips last month, according to the health department. The health department urges anyone experiencing symptoms of measles to see their health care provider and report suspected cases.

The CDC says measles are still common in many parts of the world, including certain countries in Europe, Asia, the Pacific and Africa. Measles has been reported in Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Washington and the District of Columbia. Early symptoms appear after seven to 14 days and include a high fever, runny nose and red, watery eyes. But after about two or three days, tiny white spots may start to appear inside the mouth.

Symptoms are followed by a blotchy rash.

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Most of the people who got measles had not been vaccinated, the CDC said.

If untreated, measles can become severe, especially in young children and people with compromised immune systems.

Some of the other complications that can arise due to measles are ear infections, resulting in permanent hearing loss and diarrhea.

The CDC recommends children get two doses of the vaccine, starting with the first dose at 12 to 15 months of age, and the second dose at 4 through 6 years of age.

The CDC said the the MMR vaccine is 97 percent effective at preventing measles. And the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says some of those confirmed cases were reported locally.

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