Published: Sun, January 14, 2018
People | By Leon Thompson

Iran Says US Is 'Maliciously Violating' Nuclear Deal By Demanding Changes

Iran Says US Is 'Maliciously Violating' Nuclear Deal By Demanding Changes

Trump said on Friday he would waive nuclear sanctions on Iran for the last time to give the United States and European allies a final chance to amend the 2015 pact.

The US President Donald Trump renewed his country's participation in the Iran nuclear deal on Friday by granting Tehran relief from US sanctions - but his aides said it would be the last time he would do so.

But he coupled that announcement with new sanctions on 14 Iranian individuals and entities - among them Ayatollah Sadeq Amoli Larijani, head of Iran's judiciary.

Trump said that any legislation regarding Iran must demand global inspections when requested at all sites, must ensure Iran doesn't come close to possessing a nuclear weapon, must not have any expiration date and must state that long-range missile and nuclear weapons programs are inseparable.

On January 12th, US President Trump announced his resolution to waive sanctions on Iran as required by the JCPOA, informally known as the Iran nuclear deal. "Fourth, the legislation must explicitly state in United States law - for the first time - that long-range missile and nuclear weapons programmes are inseparable, and that Iran's development and testing of missiles should be subject to severe sanctions".

Trump warned that he would scrap the agreement limiting Iran's nuclear program - an accord he has long despised - unless European countries "join with the United States in fixing significant flaws in the deal".

Mr. Le Drian called on all parties to uphold the agreement, noting that "our American allies should respect it as well".

U.S. regulations require the president to endorse JCPOA every 90 days and extend waivers of economic sanctions against Iran every 120 days.

The deal is "not renegotiable", Zarif said.

The 2015 nuclear accord was signed by the US, Britain, France, Germany, China and Russian Federation, lifting economic sanctions against Iran in exchange for limitations on its nuclear program.

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The JCPOA aimed to gradually lift economic and diplomatic sanctions on Tehran in exchange for Iran ending its nuclear program.

The White House is working with the congress on a US legislation, which seeks provisions to permanently prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons and subject Iran's long-range missile program to severe sanctions.

The new round of USA sanctions could possibly include a ban on the purchase of Russian treasury bonds. But his explicit warning to Europe that the deal must be fixed by the time the next sanctions waivers are due in the spring creates a high-stakes diplomatic deadline that will be hard to meet.

To keep the 2015 deal alive before he is required to sign another waiver in 120 days from now, Trump outlined four "critical components" that must be included in United States legislation regarding Iran.

As with immigration, the president has thrown the proverbial ball back into Congress's lap, hoping to obtain from the legislators a bill requiring a rewrite of the deal before he must certify again.

"It's incumbent on those who oppose the (deal) really to come up with that better solution, because we haven't seen it so far", he said.

The US Treasury said Larijani, the brother of Iran's parliamentary speaker and former nuclear negotiator Ali Larijani, is to blame for the torture and degrading treatment of prisoners. Teheran categorically denies it is seeking to develop atomic weapons.

The deal on Iran's nuclear program was reached between Iran and six global mediators (the United Kingdom, Germany, China, Russia, the United States, and France) on July 14, 2015.

The calculus is trickier within the GOP, which united against the Iran deal when Obama inked it.

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